Medicines for breathlessness
The painkiller morphine can be used to treat breathlessness. It can be taken in tablet or liquid form, or by injection under the skin. Drugs that help you relax can also help relieve the anxiety and panic that breathlessness can cause. If swallowing medicines is difficult, painkillers, sedatives and other drugs can be given by constant infusion under the skin using a syringe driver.
Drugs called bronchodilators widen the air passages, increasing airflow. These can be given as tablets or as a fine spray with an inhaler. They can also be given through a mask called a nebuliser.