Counselling or talking therapies can help you to express your emotions and clarify your feelings about what’s happening in your life. Trained counsellors, clinical psychologists and psychiatrists all deal with talking therapies. For some people they can be as effective as antidepressants or sedatives.
There are different types of talking therapy:
Person-centred therapy aims to help you sort out your feelings and find ways of coping with them through discussion with a trained counsellor. It’s often used to help someone cope with recent events they have found difficult. This therapy is widely available.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) aims to help you change unhelpful thoughts and behaviours. CBT is available as one-to-one or group therapy. Self-help books and computer programmes are also available.
Psychodynamic (psychoanalytic) psychotherapy deals with immediate problems by encouraging you to look back at your past to try to discover how past events affect the way you are feeling, thinking and behaving now. This tends to be longer-term therapy.